The Nigerian stock market lost N1.48tn in the third quarter (Q3) of 2022 as investors’ shifted investment to fixed market instruments.
In the period under review, the stock market witnessed an increase in interest rate to 15.5 per cent, the third consecutive rate hike and the highest since the MPC replaced the Minimum Rediscount Rates (MRR) with the Monetary Policy Rate (MPR) in 2006.
The stock market in the first half of 2022 maintained positive momentum from the prior year in the first half (H1) of 2022 with a return of 21.3 per cent over impressive corporate earnings by listed companies.
From a quarterly perspective, the market mood was bullish in the two quarters with Q1 returning 10.3 per cent higher than 9.9 per cent in Q2.
However, as the market entered Q3 with the MPR hike, investors began to take advantage of the rising yield environment in the fixed income space while dumping their stocks.
The All Share Index, which tracks the general market movement of all listed equities, shed 5.39 per cent to close Q3 on September 30, 2022 at 49,024.16 basis points – from 51,817.59 points at which it opened trading on July 1, 2022.
The total market value of listed companies’ outstanding shares fell by N1.484 trillion, closing lower at N26.451 trillion, compared to the opening value of N27.935 on July 1, 2022.
The stock market between June and September witnessed investors’ aggressive profit-taking amid the apex bank’s policy to tackle the steady increase in the inflation rate.
The stock market in September depreciated by N429bn or 1.6 per cent month-on-month to N26.451tn, from N26.88tn it opened for trading, while the NGX ASI was down by 1.63 per cent to 49,024.16 basis points from 49,836.51 basis points it opened for trading.
Speaking on the stock market performance, the Vice President, Highcap Securities, Mr. David Adonri, said: “Losses suffered by the equities market are based on the movement of financial assets from equities, which depend on the micro-economic conditions and monetary policies.
“In 2020, CBN embarked on expansionary monetary policies to expand money supplies, and the equities market appreciated massively.
“But now that we have inflation and the CBN has decided to hike monetary policies, we also see the impact on equities, causing financial assets to move from equities. That was why the market lost in the last month.”
The Chief Executive Officer, Wyoming Capital and Partners, Mr. Tajudeen Olayinka, said the decline in September was as a result of prolonged repricing of securities across markets and instruments by investors.
“Investors reacted sharply to three quick succession in MPR hike, beginning with 13per cent in May, 14per cent in July, and 15.5per cent in September.
“September 2022 was quite spectacular because investors exercised extreme caution by holding back further investment in equity, in reaction to an aggressive rise in inflation (20.52 per cent) in the month of August, 2022.